So I was going to start teaching simple and compound interest in my banking and investment class so I started off with this question for the do now:
If you borrow $100 from someone and they charge you 4% interest, how much will you have to pay them after the five month loan is finished.
Before giving students time to work I asked eight people to weigh in with estimates, or guesses at what they could expect. Each person in class had time to think and make a choice and gave an answer after considerable thought. They also were told to estimate, they didn’t use calculators or much pencil/paper calculation. They came up with quite a variety of answers, but (SPOILER ALERT) none of the answers were $104. Here are some of the answers that were interesting.
- $102.50 – Here students seemed to think the 4% means divide by 4, and perhaps they knew the ‘slide the decimal over’ rule. So it seems did 100/4=25.00, and then moved the decimal over.
- $120 – Here a student was very certain that this was the correct answer. This student assumed that the interest was applied for five months straight, so they used the $4 of inters and multiplied it by 5 to get $20.
- $145, $140, $160 – It seems that these answers were blind stabs in the dark. Students probably picked a number that was sufficiently bigger than $100.
All these students were having trouble with guessing what would be an appropriate amount to have to pay back for this loan. We talked about how easy it would be for them to get duped into paying large amounts of money for the different loans like the student loans and credit card offers they will see in college. This set a clear context for the day’s lesson, which was talking about credit card APRs.
Numeracy is really important, as I saw in a recent blog post at Algebra’s Friend, there are a number of ways to help students build this skill. I Plan to have students start focusing on doing that kind of thinking during the Do Now activity at the beginning of each class. Students will start by working on tasks like the one below and ask them to think through it.
Which is a better deal?
|Store A||Store B||Store A||Store B|
|1||Television15% off of $300||Television250||5||Microwave20% off of 120||Microwave30% of 150|
5% off of 500
|Stove10% off of 530||6||Table60% off of 400||Table15% off of 200|
|3||Ipod30% off of 200||Ipod10% off of 180||7||Monitor25% off of 100||Monitor15% off of 320|
|4||Shake Weight50% off of 30||Shake Weight15% of 20||8||Health Master25% off of 120||Health Master10% off of 90|
Each day we do it we will work on little tricks with percents. I have taught a number of tricks before to help students do this (i.e. 50% is just half, 25% is half of half, 10% is just moving the decimal place over, etc.). While it may be successful, I would like to have students understand the deeper concepts of number sense. (Perhaps I should take “Nix The Tricks” off of my Amazon wish list?)
What do you think? What is the best way to teach percentages and number sense to high school students?